Quantum Mechanics

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History of quantum mechanics

Max Planck taught the quantisation of the world from black body radiation. This means that physical quantities do not appear as a continuous spectrum, i.e. one in which all real numbers are represented, but as multiples of a basic unit, i.e. only as natural numbers, so to speak. So far, so good, in classical quantum mechanics. Then came further progress. However, there are many misinterpretations of further progress here. Einstein summarized this in his quote: God does not roll the dice. For experimental physics in large particle accelerators with insanely high energies and tiny distances, probability theory may serve well, but is it the crux of the matter?

Uncertainty principle

I particularly attack the misinterpretation of the uncertainty principle. In essence, as presented by Heisenberg, it is good, as it says that delta (p) * delta (s)> = h. h is Plack's quantum of action. The interpretation, however, that it follows that if I bombard a particle with a photon to determine the momentum, I directly change its position and then no longer know the position, is unacceptable.

Thought experiment

We envision a large, one-dimensional tunnel with only one photon, say, in the middle. Now I want to bombard this photon with another to determine the momentum. I choose photons because for me they correspond to energy quanta, and in my sense the smallest energy quantum there is. Let's say the photon shoots into the tunnel, is reflected by the other photon, changes the position of the shot photon and comes back into my measuring device. Now, abstractly, I know the momentum of the photon that I observed. But I also know the exact location because I shot it with an elemental impulse and so it could only change its position by +1 in the tunnel. So I only have to count up +1 on my measurement result from the location in order to make a sharp and exact statement here as well.

Latest developments

Meanwhile, even the prevailing opinion according to more recent developments assumes that the Heisenberg's uncertainty principle does not apply and must be changed. I would have to read up on the mathematics behind it for my readers, but the statement is clear that it no longer applies in its form. I also assume that Planck's quantum of action h is too large and so only applies in the atomic range. This results from the fact that the Planck mass as elemental mass would be too large, because then according to the Weltformel there would be too much mass at every location in space-time. It is nice that contemporary physics finally recognizes this and also sees that quantum cryptography was first removed from underfoot.

And one more on top, which also confirms my thought experiment and Planck's doubts about the uncertainty relation: Forschungszentrum Jülich has published a paper in which they calculate the complete orbitals of electrons using photon emission. And that without blurring, because they use mathematical methods to calculate the blurring out Paper on calculating quantum mechanical blurring.