Antimatter

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History

Antimatter was first postulated by Wolfgang Pauli in the early 1930s. He said that for the negatively charged electron there must also be an antiparticle, the positively charged positron. In the mid-1930s, this particle was detected experimentally in America. Today, the large particle accelerators, for example in Cern, are able to hold an anti-hydrogen atom, i.e. a hydrogen atom made entirely of antiparticles, for 15 minutes in a magnetic field.

Theoretical basics

So what makes such an antiparticle like the positron? One might assume it has no negative mass. Only the charge is opposite to the actual particle. The positron has a positive charge, the antiproton a negative charge. Here you can also see that the relationship between mass and charge must definitely be a function in which the y-axis is the mirror-symmetrical axis, e.g. with the square root function, since there are always exactly 2 charges that are identical in amount to a mass.

Antimatter and Absolute Theory

According to the absolute theory, there must also be antimatter with negative mass, so that nothing would arise if such an antiparticle collided with its partner. When the pair annihilates the previous matter - antimatter partner, photons are always produced. Also interesting is NASA's discovery that a positron wind can be measured on the space station ISS during strong thunderstorms. The electrons are attracted to the earth during a thunderstorm, while the positrons storm into space. There should also be a link between electrical and gravitational phenomena.

Negative masses and wave-particle dualism

Such antimatter with negative mass could also explain the wave-particle dualism. According to the Conservation of mass the photon has a mass. Now if there were a particle like the photon, but with negative mass, the extinction of light rays could also be explained with the particle model. Here photons with positive and negative mass would overlap and not cancel out.

Explanation of the absence of antimatter in the universe

The Weltformel also explains in a simple way why there is so little antimatter in the universe. Protons are actually antiparticles that attract each other not only gravitationally, but also electrically. The electrical attraction of antimatter is the same as the attraction of opposing matter, so positively charged antimatter attracts positively charged. That is why so many protons come together to form atomic nuclei. This does not apply to the antiproton. Antiprotons are negatively charged particles of matter, which attract each other gravitationally, but repel electrically, so that they cannot easily form atomic nuclei.

Structure of matter

Furthermore, this explanation provides another explanation for the fact that electrons do not fly into the atomic nucleus due to gravitational attraction. The antiparticle proton repels the electron electrically, so that, as with the movements of the planets around the central star, there are the usual orbits.