Difference between revisions of "Faster than light"

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(Superluminal speed and time flow)
(From the perspective of the new mathematics)
 
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Already in Star Trek there is the faster than light speed, the Enterprise flies at Sol 8 or higher, which means eight times [[speed of light]], later also called Warp 8.  Is that also possible in contemporary physics?  Albert Einstein established the axiom that nothing moves faster than light.  Accordingly, it was assumed for decades and the existence of the faster than light speed remained fantasy and only withheld from the spaceship Enterprise.
 
Already in Star Trek there is the faster than light speed, the Enterprise flies at Sol 8 or higher, which means eight times [[speed of light]], later also called Warp 8.  Is that also possible in contemporary physics?  Albert Einstein established the axiom that nothing moves faster than light.  Accordingly, it was assumed for decades and the existence of the faster than light speed remained fantasy and only withheld from the spaceship Enterprise.
  
== Superluminal speed and the absolute theory ==
+
== Superluminal speed and the absolute theory ==
How does the absolute theory deal with superluminal speeds?  There is the [[equivalence of space and time]] and the corresponding equation that v = c, so any speed is always equal to [[speed of light]].  However, it is also pointed out here that a distinction must be made between frequency (v (red)) and speed of movement (v (forward)).  According to the Pythagorean theorem, c² = v (red) ² + v (continued) ² or, if one sees v as the only speed: (f / f (max) * c) ² + v = c².  So, according to the equation, when the frequency speed v (red) = 0, the traveling speed reaches v (away) of c.  But what if the frequency becomes imaginary and the power becomes negative.  Exactly then, faster than light speeds can be achieved, namely in locomotion.  So if the Enterprise rotates imaginarily or otherwise comes to an imaginary frequency, then it can also move faster than light.
+
How does the absolute theory deal with superluminal speeds?  There is the [[equivalence of space and time]] and the corresponding equation that v = c, so any speed is always equal to [[speed of light]].  However, it is also pointed out here that a distinction must be made between frequency (v (red)) and speed of movement (v (forward)).  According to the Pythagorean theorem, c² = v (red) ² + v (continued) ² or, if one sees v as the only speed: (f / f (max) * c) ² + v = c².  So, according to the equation, when the frequency speed v (red) = 0, the traveling speed reaches v (away) of c.  But what if the frequency becomes imaginary and the power becomes negative.  Exactly then, faster than light speeds can be achieved, namely in locomotion.  So if the Enterprise rotates imaginarily or otherwise comes to an imaginary frequency, then it can also move faster than light.
  
== From the perspective of the new mathematics ==
+
== From the perspective of the new mathematics ==
According to my new math you still have to differentiate.  Due to the [[Division by zero]] and the elaborations on [[Complex numbers]], the root zero is no longer zero, but very small, but over 0. The square of 0 is -1, in the sense that 0 = i  is.  Accordingly, I can alternatively show what would apply if my new math proved to be right.  Then at a frequency of 0 either a value just above the speed of light would be reached or even 2c.  that is decided by the value of f (max).  In any case, light moves at [[speed of light]] c, but [[mass and momentum of a photon]] is 10 ^ -36 kg or 10 ^ 36 * c * km * m / s.  The [[elementary mass]], however, below which it really becomes imaginary, is 10 ^ -70 kg.  There is still a lot of space for particles that have a real mass and yet move faster than light.
+
According to my new math you still have to differentiate.  Due to the [[Division by Zero]] and the elaborations on [[Complex numbers]], the root zero is no longer zero, but very small, but over 0. The square of 0 is -1, in the sense that 0 = i  is.  Accordingly, I can alternatively show what would apply if my new math proved to be right.  Then at a frequency of 0 either a value just above the speed of light would be reached or even 2c.  that is decided by the value of f (max).  In any case, light moves at [[speed of light]] c, but [[mass and momentum of a photon]] is 10 ^ -36 kg or 10 ^ 36 * c * km * m / s.  The [[elemental mass]], however, below which it really becomes imaginary, is 10 ^ -70 kg.  There is still a lot of space for particles that have a real mass and yet move faster than light.
  
== Conclusion ==
+
== Conclusion ==
It was even proven once in Cologne that particles can move faster than light, my hometown.  These particles then move backwards in Einstein's time.  Can't be with the total flow of time, because the [[flow of time]] is always one, but according to what we perceive in terms of development, one thinks that these particles also run backwards in time.  By the way, they're called tachyons.  But this is a burnt term.
+
It was even proven once in Cologne that particles can move faster than light, my hometown.  These particles then move backwards in Einstein's time.  Can't be with the total flow of time, because the [[Time flow]] is always one, but according to what we perceive in terms of development, one thinks that these particles also run backwards in time.  By the way, they're called tachyons.  But this is a burnt term.
  
 
== Einstein and the flow of time ==
 
== Einstein and the flow of time ==
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== Superluminal speed and time flow ==
 
== Superluminal speed and time flow ==
According to Einstein, it was assumed that particles that propagate at [[the speed of light]] stand still in time.  But if photons stand still in time or quarks, the origin of all life, no!  For particles that move faster than light, it was assumed that they move backwards in time.  I already said under [[time flow]] that the [[time flow]] ultimately remains +1.  The [[flow of time]] that Einstein assumed is actually dependent on mass.  But this also works out in the absolute theory, because particles with faster than light speed only have masses in the epsilon range around zero, and thus have no mass according to previous considerations.  I mean, they have virtual mass and virtual energy.  This equates the epsilon range around zero, which is also used in derivatives, with the term virtual.  More detailed information can be found under [[Division by zero]].
+
According to Einstein, it was assumed that particles that propagate at [[the speed of light]] stand still in time.  But if photons stand still in time or quarks, the origin of all life, no!  For particles that move faster than light, it was assumed that they move backwards in time.  I already said under [[time flow]] that the [[time flow]] ultimately remains +1.  The [[Time flow]] that Einstein assumed is actually dependent on mass.  But this also works out in the absolute theory, because particles with faster than light speed only have masses in the epsilon range around zero, and thus have no mass according to previous considerations.  I mean, they have virtual mass and virtual energy.  This equates the epsilon range around zero, which is also used in derivatives, with the term virtual.  More detailed information can be found under [[Division by Zero]].
  
 
== Movement of virtual particles ==
 
== Movement of virtual particles ==
And this is where the circle closes.  Feynmann assumed [[virtual particles]], so-called virtual photons with an energy of 0. He thinks that they must exist, one would know that based on experiments.  And this is exactly where the absolute theory makes predictions: Virtual photons, as far as they are below the [[elementary mass]], move significantly faster than light.  That should be measurable in the processes that Feynmann means.  Their number must also be so large that they, even if they are individually in the epsilon or imaginary range, bring together real energies, namely the energy that the original particles had, from which they arose when the original particles disappear completely.  So one can follow Feynmann and still save the [[energy conservation law]].
+
And this is where the circle closes.  Feynmann assumed [[virtual particles]], so-called virtual photons with an energy of 0. He thinks that they must exist, one would know that based on experiments.  And this is exactly where the absolute theory makes predictions: Virtual photons, as far as they are below the [[elemental mass]], move significantly faster than light.  That should be measurable in the processes that Feynmann means.  Their number must also be so large that they, even if they are individually in the epsilon or imaginary range, bring together real energies, namely the energy that the original particles had, from which they arose when the original particles disappear completely.  So one can follow Feynmann and still save the [[energy conservation law]].
  
 
== The work of Johan Prins ==
 
== The work of Johan Prins ==
 
I have Professor Johan Prins <ref> Johan Prins, University of Virginia, Physics Essays 2k </ref> online
 
I have Professor Johan Prins <ref> Johan Prins, University of Virginia, Physics Essays 2k </ref> online
met from South Africa.  He has proven that the phase velocity of light is faster than the light itself.  The phase velocity of a light wave is c (*) = c / v.
+
met from South Africa.  He has proven that the phase velocity of light is faster than the light itself.  The phase velocity of a light wave is c (*) = c / v.
  
 
{{reflist}}
 
{{reflist}}

Latest revision as of 09:47, 19 September 2020

Introduction

Already in Star Trek there is the faster than light speed, the Enterprise flies at Sol 8 or higher, which means eight times speed of light, later also called Warp 8. Is that also possible in contemporary physics? Albert Einstein established the axiom that nothing moves faster than light. Accordingly, it was assumed for decades and the existence of the faster than light speed remained fantasy and only withheld from the spaceship Enterprise.

Superluminal speed and the absolute theory

How does the absolute theory deal with superluminal speeds? There is the equivalence of space and time and the corresponding equation that v = c, so any speed is always equal to speed of light. However, it is also pointed out here that a distinction must be made between frequency (v (red)) and speed of movement (v (forward)). According to the Pythagorean theorem, c² = v (red) ² + v (continued) ² or, if one sees v as the only speed: (f / f (max) * c) ² + v = c². So, according to the equation, when the frequency speed v (red) = 0, the traveling speed reaches v (away) of c. But what if the frequency becomes imaginary and the power becomes negative. Exactly then, faster than light speeds can be achieved, namely in locomotion. So if the Enterprise rotates imaginarily or otherwise comes to an imaginary frequency, then it can also move faster than light.

From the perspective of the new mathematics

According to my new math you still have to differentiate. Due to the Division by Zero and the elaborations on Complex numbers, the root zero is no longer zero, but very small, but over 0. The square of 0 is -1, in the sense that 0 = i is. Accordingly, I can alternatively show what would apply if my new math proved to be right. Then at a frequency of 0 either a value just above the speed of light would be reached or even 2c. that is decided by the value of f (max). In any case, light moves at speed of light c, but mass and momentum of a photon is 10 ^ -36 kg or 10 ^ 36 * c * km * m / s. The elemental mass, however, below which it really becomes imaginary, is 10 ^ -70 kg. There is still a lot of space for particles that have a real mass and yet move faster than light.

Conclusion

It was even proven once in Cologne that particles can move faster than light, my hometown. These particles then move backwards in Einstein's time. Can't be with the total flow of time, because the Time flow is always one, but according to what we perceive in terms of development, one thinks that these particles also run backwards in time. By the way, they're called tachyons. But this is a burnt term.

Einstein and the flow of time

Ultimately, Einstein and Minkowski say that above c the energies become imaginary. Since this is conditioned by the relativistic root, this also applies to the time flow. This becomes imaginary. It has always been assumed somewhat vaguely that with the photon and the speed of light c the time flow becomes zero, because the relativistic root also becomes zero according to conventional mathematics. Before the time flow was positive, then at c it becomes zero, so it has to become negative for faster than light speed. That is a mistake. It is assumed that imaginary numbers are negative, which the previous mathematics absolutely did not allow and which is also wrong. The particles move imaginary in time, whatever that means, in any case not backwards.

Superluminal speed and information transfer

In the local physics it is assumed that information can propagate at most with the speed of light. A faster spread is denied and led, among other things, to the twin paradox. Here two photons move in different directions, but their location and other properties remain symmetrical, so it is assumed that they exchange information. An information exchange with faster than light speed does not exclude the absolute theory, so there are particles with energies in the epsilon range of zero and with a mass of the same shape, which propagate with faster light speed. The epsilon range around zero is a definition of continuity and plays a role in derivatives. According to the absolute theory, there is a strong connection between the epsilon and the imaginary number i, if not equality, then in any case. Ultimately, I have one request: You can think what you want of my theory, but if humanity should ever get into a war with aliens, please do not use quantum cryptography. The aliens crack them very easily with imaginary particles.

Superluminal speed and time flow

According to Einstein, it was assumed that particles that propagate at the speed of light stand still in time. But if photons stand still in time or quarks, the origin of all life, no! For particles that move faster than light, it was assumed that they move backwards in time. I already said under time flow that the time flow ultimately remains +1. The Time flow that Einstein assumed is actually dependent on mass. But this also works out in the absolute theory, because particles with faster than light speed only have masses in the epsilon range around zero, and thus have no mass according to previous considerations. I mean, they have virtual mass and virtual energy. This equates the epsilon range around zero, which is also used in derivatives, with the term virtual. More detailed information can be found under Division by Zero.

Movement of virtual particles

And this is where the circle closes. Feynmann assumed virtual particles, so-called virtual photons with an energy of 0. He thinks that they must exist, one would know that based on experiments. And this is exactly where the absolute theory makes predictions: Virtual photons, as far as they are below the elemental mass, move significantly faster than light. That should be measurable in the processes that Feynmann means. Their number must also be so large that they, even if they are individually in the epsilon or imaginary range, bring together real energies, namely the energy that the original particles had, from which they arose when the original particles disappear completely. So one can follow Feynmann and still save the energy conservation law.

The work of Johan Prins

I have Professor Johan Prins [1] online met from South Africa. He has proven that the phase velocity of light is faster than the light itself. The phase velocity of a light wave is c (*) = c / v.

Literature:

  1. Johan Prins, University of Virginia, Physics Essays 2k